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How does NFS work?

How does NFS work?

NFS, or Network File System, was designed in 1984 by Sun Microsystems. This distributed file system protocol allows a user on a client computer to access files over a network in the same way they would access a local storage file. Because it is an open standard, anyone can implement the protocol.

How do I find the IP address of my NFS server in Linux?

Steps. Next, run ‘netstat -an | grep 2049’ to display a list of NFS connections. Look for the connection that matches one of the NFS server IP from nfslookup. This is the NFS server IP that the client is using and will be the IP you need to use for tracing if necessary.

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Which package is needed for NFS in RHEL 7?

The following are the important NFS services, included in nfs-utils packages. rpcbind: The rpcbind server converts RPC program numbers into universal addresses. nfs-server: It enables clients to access NFS shares. nfs-lock / rpc-statd: NFS file locking.

What is a NFS client?

The Network File System (NFS) is a client/server application that lets a computer user view and optionally store and update files on a remote computer as though they were on the user’s own computer. The NFS protocol is one of several Distributed File System standards for network-attached storage (NAS).

Which file configures the NFS service?

Configuring a system to share files and directories using NFS is straightforward. Every filesystem being exported to remote users via NFS, as well as the access rights relating to those filesystems, is located in the /etc/exports file.

Does NFS use DNS?

To NFS mount the storage, NFS wants to do a reverse DNS lookup, but the DNS server is a VM that can’t start until the storage is NFS mounted! We copied the DNS server VM to one of the VM servers locally and started it so we could then bring everything up.

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How permanently mount NFS Linux?

Use the following procedure to automatically mount an NFS share on Linux systems:

  1. Set up a mount point for the remote NFS share: sudo mkdir /var/backups.
  2. Open the /etc/fstab file with your text editor : sudo nano /etc/fstab.
  3. Run the mount command in one of the following forms to mount the NFS share:

Which file is used in NFS client configuration?

The /etc/fstab file is referenced by the netfs service at boot time, so lines referencing NFS shares have the same effect as manually typing the mount command during the boot process. Replace with the hostname, IP address, or fully qualified domain name of the server exporting the file system.